What is a Freight Forwarder?
Freight forwarders are intermediaries who manage the shipment process between carriers and cargo owners in return for a particular commission. Freight Forwarder companies provide four different types of transportation services to exporters and importers engaged in international trade: sea, air, land, and railway. Freight forwarder companies’ service area mainly covers container transportation and air cargo. They provide convenience to their customers by offering multimodal transportation service, in which more than one vehicle is used, with a single contract.
What Does a Freight Forwarder Do?
The main job of the freight forwarder companies is to organize the overseas shipping processes of the exporter and importer companies. It is to manage the cargo delivery from point A to a specific address at point B in accordance with both logistics and customs clearance processes. Therefore, a freight forwarder employee may have different responsibilities depending on the size of the company he works for, the division of labor, and the duties he undertakes.
If you work in a forwarder company consisting of 4-5 people, you will be expected to perform most of the tasks listed below. Depending on the size of the company you work for, you can undertake country-based, transportation based, or department-based jobs.
Freight forwarder employees may specialize in customer relations, sales, and marketing. In contrast, another may specialize in operational processes such as transportation methods, relations with suppliers, administration of customs, port, warehouse processes.
• International transportation.
• Partial (LCL) or full (FCL) transportation.
• Export-import operations (customs clearance).
• Seaway- truck – airway, unimodal & multimodal shipment. • Determination of transportation management, determination of alternative carriers.
• Determination of the contract of carriage and its scope.
• International transportation consultancy service.
• Preparation of transport documents
• International transport insurance
• Customer relations management
• Sales and marketing
How to Become a Freight Forwarder?
To work for a freight forwarder company, it is extremely helpful if you have a bachelor’s degree. It is advantageous to have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business schools, logistics, international trade, shipping management, supply chain management.
If you aim to be a company owner or company partner, not an employee, the circumstances change. US companies or sole proprietorships operating as Ocean Freight Forwarders (OFF) or NVOCC will need to obtain a license from the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC).
Freight Forwarder Basic Criteria for Recruitment
• Logistics skills and experience.
• Knowing a second or third language is an advantage.
• Teamwork experience and team leadership skills.
• Computer skills and technology literacy.
Freight Forwarder: the most frequently searched job titles:
• International Freight Forwarder
• Ocean Freight Forwarder
• Ocean Export Freight Forwarder
• Air Freight Forwarder
• Freight Forwarding Agent
• International Freight Forwarding
Freight Forwarder: Most Preferred Countries
First of all, companies that provide freight forwarding services can serve exporters and importers in their own countries and reach overseas customers; in short, they can work on a global scale, but they need to cooperate with local agencies in other countries. If you are aiming to establish a freight forwarding business or work in a freight forwarder company, it will be an advantage to live in a country with a high export or import potential. Here is the list of the world’s top exporting and importing countries.
A freight forwarder is one of the popular professions of the last decade when international trade gained momentum. You are at the right place to start your career and find the ideal job for you. There are many different job opportunities here.